Dynamic Volume Lines: Visual Comparison of 3D Volumes through Space-filling Curves

Johannes Weissenböck, Bernhard Fröhler, Meister Eduard Gröller, Johann Kastner, Christoph Heinzl
Dynamic Volume Lines: Visual Comparison of 3D Volumes through Space-filling Curves
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS, 25(1):1040-1049, January 2019. [image]

Information

  • Publication Type: Journal Paper (without talk)
  • Workgroup(s)/Project(s):
  • Date: January 2019
  • Journal: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS
  • Number: 1
  • Open Access: yes
  • Pages (from): 1040
  • Pages (to): 1049
  • Volume: 25
  • Keywords: Ensemble data, comparative visualization, visual analysis, Hilbert curve, nonlinear scaling, X-ray computed tomography

Abstract

The comparison of many members of an ensemble is difficult, tedious, and error-prone, which is aggravated by often justsubtle differences. In this paper, we introduceDynamic Volume Linesfor the interactive visual analysis and comparison of sets of 3Dvolumes. Each volume is linearized along a Hilbert space-filling curve into a 1D Hilbert line plot, which depicts the intensities over theHilbert indices. We present a nonlinear scaling of these 1D Hilbert line plots based on the intensity variations in the ensemble of 3Dvolumes, which enables a more effective use of the available screen space. The nonlinear scaling builds the basis for our interactivevisualization techniques. An interactive histogram heatmap of the intensity frequencies serves as overview visualization. When zoomingin, the frequencies are replaced by detailed 1D Hilbert line plots and optional functional boxplots. To focus on important regions of thevolume ensemble, nonlinear scaling is incorporated into the plots. An interactive scaling widget depicts the local ensemble variations.Our brushing and linking interface reveals, for example, regions with a high ensemble variation by showing the affected voxels ina 3D spatial view. We show the applicability of our concepts using two case studies on ensembles of 3D volumes resulting fromtomographic reconstruction. In the first case study, we evaluate an artificial specimen from simulated industrial 3D X-ray computedtomography (XCT). In the second case study, a real-world XCT foam specimen is investigated. Our results show thatDynamic VolumeLinescan identify regions with high local intensity variations, allowing the user to draw conclusions, for example, about the choice ofreconstruction parameters. Furthermore, it is possible to detect ring artifacts in reconstructions volumes.I

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BibTeX

@article{Weissenboeck_2019,
  title =      "Dynamic Volume Lines: Visual Comparison of 3D Volumes
               through Space-filling Curves",
  author =     "Johannes Weissenb\"{o}ck and Bernhard Fr\"{o}hler and
               Meister Eduard Gr\"{o}ller and Johann Kastner and Christoph
               Heinzl",
  year =       "2019",
  abstract =   "The comparison of many members of an ensemble is difficult,
               tedious, and error-prone, which is aggravated by often
               justsubtle differences. In this paper, we introduceDynamic
               Volume Linesfor the interactive visual analysis and
               comparison of sets of 3Dvolumes. Each volume is linearized
               along a Hilbert space-filling curve into a 1D Hilbert line
               plot, which depicts the intensities over theHilbert indices.
               We present a nonlinear scaling of these 1D Hilbert line
               plots based on the intensity variations in the ensemble of
               3Dvolumes, which enables a more effective use of the
               available screen space. The nonlinear scaling builds the
               basis for our interactivevisualization techniques. An
               interactive histogram heatmap of the intensity frequencies
               serves as overview visualization. When zoomingin, the
               frequencies are replaced by detailed 1D Hilbert line plots
               and optional functional boxplots. To focus on important
               regions of thevolume ensemble, nonlinear scaling is
               incorporated into the plots. An interactive scaling widget
               depicts the local ensemble variations.Our brushing and
               linking interface reveals, for example, regions with a high
               ensemble variation by showing the affected voxels ina 3D
               spatial view. We show the applicability of our concepts
               using two case studies on ensembles of 3D volumes resulting
               fromtomographic reconstruction. In the first case study, we
               evaluate an artificial specimen from simulated industrial 3D
               X-ray computedtomography (XCT). In the second case study, a
               real-world XCT foam specimen is investigated. Our results
               show thatDynamic VolumeLinescan identify regions with high
               local intensity variations, allowing the user to draw
               conclusions, for example, about the choice ofreconstruction
               parameters. Furthermore, it is possible to detect ring
               artifacts in reconstructions volumes.I",
  month =      jan,
  journal =    "IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS",
  number =     "1",
  volume =     "25",
  pages =      "1040--1049",
  keywords =   "Ensemble data, comparative visualization, visual analysis,
               Hilbert curve, nonlinear scaling, X-ray computed tomography",
  URL =        "/research/publications/2019/Weissenboeck_2019/",
}