Virtual Reality CBRN Defence

Johannes Göllner, Andreas Peer, Christian Meurers, Gernot Wurzer, Christian Schönauer, Hannes Kaufmann
Virtual Reality CBRN Defence
In Meeting Proceedings of the Simulation and Modelling Group Symposium 171, pages 1-25. October 2019.

Information

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper
  • Workgroup(s)/Project(s):
  • Date: October 2019
  • Booktitle: Meeting Proceedings of the Simulation and Modelling Group Symposium 171
  • Call for Papers: Call for Paper
  • Event: Simulation and Modelling Group Symposium 171
  • Lecturer:
  • Location: Vienna
  • Open Access: yes
  • Organization: NATO S & T
  • Pages (from): 1
  • Pages (to): 25
  • Publisher: STO
  • Keywords: Virtual Reality, Mixed Reality, first responder training, CBRN, ABC

Abstract

Over the past decade, training in virtual reality for military and disaster preparedness has been increasingly recognized as an important adjunct to traditional modalities of real-life drills. However, there are only a few existing solutions that provide immersive virtual reality training and improve learning through an increased amount of presence. In this paper, we present a novel and flexible Virtual Reality (VR) training system for military and first responders that enables realistic multi-user training in large environments. We show how the requirements of peer stakeholders for disaster relief with an explicit focus on CBRN disaster preparedness transfer to the concept, current implementation and future features of our system. The development and integration of multiple technologies allows a wide variety of interaction and collaboration within our immersive system. In addition, we demonstrate the training capabilities of our proposed system with a multi-user training scenario, simulating a CBRN crisis. Results from our technical and user evaluation with 13 experts in CBRN response from the Austrian Armed Forces (National Defence Academy & Competence Center NBC Defence) indicate strong applicability and user acceptance. Over 80% of the participants agreed “much” or “very much” that the presented system can be used to support training for CBRN-crisis preparedness.

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BibTeX

@inproceedings{Goellner_2019-ABC,
  title =      "Virtual Reality CBRN Defence",
  author =     "Johannes G\"{o}llner and Andreas Peer and Christian Meurers
               and Gernot Wurzer and Christian  Sch\"{o}nauer and Hannes
               Kaufmann",
  year =       "2019",
  abstract =   "Over the past decade, training in virtual reality for
               military and disaster preparedness has been increasingly
               recognized as an important adjunct to traditional modalities
               of real-life drills. However, there are only a few existing
               solutions that provide immersive virtual reality training
               and improve learning through an increased amount of
               presence. In this paper, we present a novel and flexible
               Virtual Reality (VR) training system for military and first
               responders that enables realistic multi-user training in
               large environments. We show how the requirements of peer
               stakeholders for disaster relief with an explicit focus on
               CBRN disaster preparedness transfer to the concept, current
               implementation and future features of our system. The
               development and integration of multiple technologies allows
               a wide variety of interaction and collaboration within our
               immersive system. In addition, we demonstrate the training
               capabilities of our proposed system with a multi-user
               training scenario, simulating a CBRN crisis. Results from
               our technical and user evaluation with 13 experts in CBRN
               response from the Austrian Armed Forces (National Defence
               Academy & Competence Center NBC Defence) indicate strong
               applicability and user acceptance. Over 80% of the
               participants agreed “much” or “very much” that the
               presented system can be used to support training for
               CBRN-crisis preparedness.",
  month =      oct,
  booktitle =  "Meeting Proceedings of the Simulation and Modelling Group
               Symposium 171",
  event =      "Simulation and Modelling Group Symposium 171",
  location =   "Vienna",
  organization = "NATO S & T",
  publisher =  "STO",
  pages =      "1--25",
  keywords =   "Virtual Reality, Mixed Reality, first responder training,
               CBRN, ABC",
  URL =        "/research/publications/2019/Goellner_2019-ABC/",
}