Interactive Shape Detection in Out-of-Core Point Clouds for Assisted User Interactions

Bernhard Rainer
Interactive Shape Detection in Out-of-Core Point Clouds for Assisted User Interactions
[image] [Master thesis]

Information

Abstract

This thesis presents a semi-automated method for shape detection in out-of-core point clouds. Rather than performing shape detection on the entire point cloud at once, a user-controlled interaction determines the region that is to be segmented next. By keeping the size of the region and the number of points small, the algorithm produces meaningful results within a fraction of a second. Thus, the user is presented immediately with feedback on the local geometry. As modern point clouds can contain billions of points and the memory capacity of consumer PCs is usually insufficient to hold all points in memory at the same time, a level-of-detail data structure is used to store the point cloud on the hard disc, and data is loaded into memory only on use. This data structure partitions the point cloud into small regions, each containing around 5000 points, that are used for rendering and shape detection. Interacting with point clouds is a particularly demanding task. A precise selection of a region of interest, using the two-dimensional lasso interaction, often needs multiple view changes and subsequent improvements. This thesis proposes improvements to the lasso interaction, by performing selection only on the set of points that are approximated by a detected shape. Thus, the selection of undesired points in the fore- and background is reduced. Point picking is improved as well by the use of a detected shape, such that only points that are approximated by this shape are pick-able. The result of this thesis is an application that allows the user to view point clouds with millions of points. It also provides a novel interaction technique for quick local shape detection as well as shape-assisted interactions that utilize this local semantic information to improve the user’s workflow.

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BibTeX

@mastersthesis{Rainer_2017,
  title =      "Interactive Shape Detection in Out-of-Core Point Clouds for
               Assisted User Interactions",
  author =     "Bernhard Rainer",
  year =       "2017",
  abstract =   "This thesis presents a semi-automated method for shape
               detection in out-of-core point clouds. Rather than
               performing shape detection on the entire point cloud at
               once, a user-controlled interaction determines the region
               that is to be segmented next. By keeping the size of the
               region and the number of points small, the algorithm
               produces meaningful results within a fraction of a second.
               Thus, the user is presented immediately with feedback on the
               local geometry. As modern point clouds can contain billions
               of points and the memory capacity of consumer PCs is usually
               insufficient to hold all points in memory at the same time,
               a level-of-detail data structure is used to store the point
               cloud on the hard disc, and data is loaded into memory only
               on use. This data structure partitions the point cloud into
               small regions, each containing around 5000 points, that are
               used for rendering and shape detection. Interacting with
               point clouds is a particularly demanding task. A precise
               selection of a region of interest, using the two-dimensional
               lasso interaction, often needs multiple view changes and
               subsequent improvements. This thesis proposes improvements
               to the lasso interaction, by performing selection only on
               the set of points that are approximated by a detected shape.
               Thus, the selection of undesired points in the fore- and
               background is reduced. Point picking is improved as well by
               the use of a detected shape, such that only points that are
               approximated by this shape are pick-able. The result of this
               thesis is an application that allows the user to view point
               clouds with millions of points. It also provides a novel
               interaction technique for quick local shape detection as
               well as shape-assisted interactions that utilize this local
               semantic information to improve the user’s workflow.",
  month =      nov,
  address =    "Favoritenstrasse 9-11/186, A-1040 Vienna, Austria",
  school =     "Institute of Computer Graphics and Algorithms, Vienna
               University of Technology",
  URL =        "https://www.cg.tuwien.ac.at/research/publications/2017/Rainer_2017/",
}