Centerline Reformations of Complex Vascular Structures

Gabriel Mistelbauer, Andrej Varchola, Hamed Bouzari, Juraj Starinsky, Arnold Köchl, Rüdiger Schernthaner, Dominik Fleischmann, Meister Eduard Gröller, Milos Srámek
Centerline Reformations of Complex Vascular Structures
In Pacific Visualization Symposium (PacificVis), 2012 IEEE, pages 233-240. 2012.

Information

Abstract

Visualization of vascular structures is a common and frequently performed task in the field of medical imaging. There exist well established and applicable methods such as Maximum Intensity Projection (MIP) and Curved Planar Reformation (CPR). However, when calcified vessel walls are investigated, occlusion hinders exploration of the vessel interior with MIP. In contrast, CPR offers the possibility to visualize the vessel lumen by cutting a single vessel along its centerline. Extending the idea of CPR, we propose a novel technique, called Centerline Reformation (CR), which is capable of visualizing the lumen of spatially arbitrarily oriented vessels not necessarily connected in a tree structure. In order to visually emphasize depth, overlap and occlusion, halos can optionally envelope the vessel lumen. The required vessel centerlines are obtained from volumetric data by performing a scale-space based feature extraction. We present the application of the proposed technique in a focus and context setup. Further, we demonstrate how it facilitates the investigation of dense vascular structures, particularly cervical vessels or vessel data featuring peripheral arterial occlusive diseases or pulmonary embolisms. Finally, feedback from domain experts is given.

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teaser: Teaser image.

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paper: Full paper preprint.
questionnaire: The questionnaire, which was used for our evaluation.

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BibTeX

@inproceedings{mistelbauer-2012-cr,
  title =      "Centerline Reformations of Complex Vascular Structures",
  author =     "Gabriel Mistelbauer and Andrej Varchola and Hamed Bouzari
               and Juraj Starinsky and Arnold K{"o}chl and R{"u}diger
               Schernthaner and Dominik Fleischmann and Meister Eduard
               Gr{"o}ller and Milos Sr{'a}mek",
  year =       "2012",
  abstract =   "Visualization of vascular structures is a common and
               frequently performed task in the field of medical imaging.
               There exist well established and applicable methods such as
               Maximum Intensity Projection (MIP) and Curved Planar
               Reformation (CPR). However, when calcified vessel walls are
               investigated, occlusion hinders exploration of the vessel
               interior with MIP. In contrast, CPR offers the possibility
               to visualize the vessel lumen by cutting a single vessel
               along its centerline. Extending the idea of CPR, we propose
               a novel technique, called Centerline Reformation (CR), which
               is capable of visualizing the lumen of spatially arbitrarily
               oriented vessels not necessarily connected in a tree
               structure. In order to visually emphasize depth, overlap and
               occlusion, halos can optionally envelope the vessel lumen.
               The required vessel centerlines are obtained from volumetric
               data by performing a scale-space based feature extraction.
               We present the application of the proposed technique in a
               focus and context setup. Further, we demonstrate how it
               facilitates the investigation of dense vascular structures,
               particularly cervical vessels or vessel data featuring
               peripheral arterial occlusive diseases or pulmonary
               embolisms. Finally, feedback from domain experts is given.",
  booktitle =  "Pacific Visualization Symposium (PacificVis), 2012 IEEE",
  isbn =       "978-1-4673-0863-2",
  location =   "Songdo, Korea (South) ",
  pages =      "233--240",
  URL =        "https://www.cg.tuwien.ac.at/research/publications/2012/mistelbauer-2012-cr/",
}