Simulation and Visualization of the Behavior of Handicapped People in Virtually Reconstructed Public Buildings

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Abstract

The planning of public transport infrastructures today must respect the needs of a wide variety of travelers. In particular the design of guiding systems needs to take the reduced reception capabilities of the elderly and handicapped people into account. Therefore tools for the evaluation of guiding systems need to be developed. Such tools must be based on empirical knowledge on the perception capabilities of the various user groups as well as detailed microscopic pedestrian movement models in order to represent typical paths taken. We model the cognition of guiding systems to enable a realistic representation for the motion and orientation behavior of elderly and handicapped people having difficulties perceiving the guidance information and not being familiar with a building. To demonstrate the feasibility of the approach we discuss a technique to virtually reconstruct public buildings in 3D and visualize the simulated crowd with detailed models for each individual. The lines of sight of selected, handicapped persons, who are moving amongst other persons, are also shown in order to evaluate the visibility of the guiding information in the infrastructure and to hint at possible improvements.

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BibTeX

@inproceedings{brunnhuber-2010-behavior-handicapped,
  title =      "Simulation and Visualization of the Behavior of Handicapped
               People in Virtually Reconstructed Public Buildings",
  author =     "Martin Brunnhuber and H. Schrom-Feiertag and Gerd Hesina and
               D. Bauer and Werner Purgathofer",
  year =       "2010",
  abstract =   "The planning of public transport infrastructures today must
               respect the needs of a wide variety of travelers. In
               particular the design of guiding systems needs to take the
               reduced reception capabilities of the elderly and
               handicapped people into account. Therefore tools for the
               evaluation of guiding systems need to be developed. Such
               tools must be based on empirical knowledge on the perception
               capabilities of the various user groups as well as detailed
               microscopic pedestrian movement models in order to represent
               typical paths taken. We model the cognition of guiding
               systems to enable a realistic representation for the motion
               and orientation behavior of elderly and handicapped people
               having difficulties perceiving the guidance information and
               not being familiar with a building. To demonstrate the
               feasibility of the approach we discuss a technique to
               virtually reconstruct public buildings in 3D and visualize
               the simulated crowd with detailed models for each
               individual. The lines of sight of selected, handicapped
               persons, who are moving amongst other persons, are also
               shown in order to evaluate the visibility of the guiding
               information in the infrastructure and to hint at possible
               improvements.",
  booktitle =  "CORP 2010",
  URL =        "/research/publications/2010/brunnhuber-2010-behavior-handicapped/",
}