Patient-Specific Coronary Artery Supply Territory AHA Diagrams

Maurice Termeer, Javier Oliván Bescós, Marcel Breeuwer, Anna Vilanova, Frans Gerritsen, Meister Eduard Gröller, Eike Nagel
Patient-Specific Coronary Artery Supply Territory AHA Diagrams
Poster shown at SCMR 2009 (29. January 2009- 1. February 2009) In Abstracts of the 12th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessions - 2009 , pages 164-165.
[abstract] [poster]

Information

  • Publication Type: Poster
  • Workgroup(s)/Project(s):
  • Date: January 2009
  • Booktitle: Abstracts of the 12th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessions - 2009
  • Date (from): 29. January 2009
  • Date (to): 1. February 2009
  • Event: SCMR 2009
  • ISSN: 1532-429X
  • Journal: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
  • Location: Orlando, Florida
  • Pages (from): 164
  • Pages (to): 165
  • Series: 1
  • Volume: 11
  • Keywords: coronary supply territories, patient-specific bulls eye plot

Abstract

Introduction: The American Heart Association proposed a 17-segment model for the segmentation of the left ventricle together with a mapping from each segment to a supplying coronary artery. This proposal is based on population averages. Several studies have confirmed the inaccuracy of this mapping due to large anatomical variations of the coronary arteries among individuals. Several proposals have been made for a different mapping between the 17 segments and the coronary arteries.

Purpose: Due to the large variation in coronary anatomy there is a need for a patient-specific assignment of ventricular segments to supplying coronary arteries. We propose to use a segmentation of the coronary arteries and the ventricular epicardium to compute this patient-specific mapping.

Methods: The three primary coronary arteries (LAD, LCX and RCA) and the left ventricle are segmented in a whole-heart MRI (SSFP) or CT scan of at least 150 slices. For the coronary arteries we employ a semi-automatic vessel tracking algorithm. The left ventricle is segmented using a fully automatic approach. The epicardial surface of the resulting segmentation is represented as a quadrilateral mesh. The centerlines of the coronary arteries are projected on the epicardial surface. A Voronoi diagram of the projected arteries is computed using a geodesic distance metric. The patient-specific coronary supply territories are computed using a modified marching squares algorithm. The examples given here consist of three territories, but our approach is flexible enough to handle any amount of territories.

Both the coronary supply territories and the coronary arteries are projected onto a bull’s eye plot using a parameterization of the left ventricle based on cylindrical coordinates, using the cardiac long axis as the primary axis of the cylinder (Figure 1a). The continuous nature of the epicardial surface is preserved in this projection. This means that the bull’s eye plot does not consist of rings representing slices, but that the distance to the center is proportional to the distance to the apex. This bull’s eye plot can for example be used as an overlay for the analysis of viability (Figure 1b).

Figure 1. (a) Bull’s eye plot showing patient-specific coronary supply territories. The dotted lines represent the 17-segment model. (b) Patient-specific coronary supply territories as an overlay on a bull’s eye plot of a late enhancement scan.

Results: We evaluated our method on image data from five patients. For each patient we produced both a standard 17-segment diagram and a diagram with the projection of the patient-specific coronary supply territories resulting from our approach. In both diagrams a projection of the segmented coronary arteries was shown. We then asked an experienced clinician to judge the correspondence between the coronary arteries and the suggested coronary supply territories for both diagrams. It was judged that our patient-specific coronary supply territories provide a better correlation with the position of the coronary arteries. The clinician expressed a preference to our method as compared to the standard 17-segment model.

The continuous relation between the distance to the center of the bull’s eye plot and the distance to the apex caused some confusion with our clinician. Especially in combination with CMR data consisting of relatively few slices this relation should be clarified.

Conclusion: With our method the relation between coronary arteries and areas supplied by these arteries is better visualized. This will help to better correlate the location of infarcted or ischemic areas to the coronaries that have caused the respective infarction or ischemia.

Additional Files and Images

Additional images and videos

image: patient-specific bulls eye plot image: patient-specific bulls eye plot

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BibTeX

@misc{termeer-2009-scmr,
  title =      "Patient-Specific Coronary Artery Supply Territory AHA
               Diagrams",
  author =     "Maurice Termeer and Javier Oliv\'{a}n Besc\'{o}s and Marcel
               Breeuwer and Anna Vilanova and Frans Gerritsen and Meister
               Eduard Gr\"{o}ller and Eike Nagel",
  year =       "2009",
  abstract =   "Introduction: The American Heart Association proposed a
               17-segment model for the segmentation of the left ventricle
               together with a mapping from each segment to a supplying
               coronary artery. This proposal is based on population
               averages. Several studies have confirmed the inaccuracy of
               this mapping due to large anatomical variations of the
               coronary arteries among individuals. Several proposals have
               been made for a different mapping between the 17 segments
               and the coronary arteries.  Purpose: Due to the large
               variation in coronary anatomy there is a need for a
               patient-specific assignment of ventricular segments to
               supplying coronary arteries. We propose to use a
               segmentation of the coronary arteries and the ventricular
               epicardium to compute this patient-specific mapping. 
               Methods: The three primary coronary arteries (LAD, LCX and
               RCA) and the left ventricle are segmented in a whole-heart
               MRI (SSFP) or CT scan of at least 150 slices. For the
               coronary arteries we employ a semi-automatic vessel tracking
               algorithm. The left ventricle is segmented using a fully
               automatic approach. The epicardial surface of the resulting
               segmentation is represented as a quadrilateral mesh. The
               centerlines of the coronary arteries are projected on the
               epicardial surface. A Voronoi diagram of the projected
               arteries is computed using a geodesic distance metric. The
               patient-specific coronary supply territories are computed
               using a modified marching squares algorithm. The examples
               given here consist of three territories, but our approach is
               flexible enough to handle any amount of territories.  Both
               the coronary supply territories and the coronary arteries
               are projected onto a bull’s eye plot using a
               parameterization of the left ventricle based on cylindrical
               coordinates, using the cardiac long axis as the primary axis
               of the cylinder (Figure 1a). The continuous nature of the
               epicardial surface is preserved in this projection. This
               means that the bull’s eye plot does not consist of rings
               representing slices, but that the distance to the center is
               proportional to the distance to the apex. This bull’s eye
               plot can for example be used as an overlay for the analysis
               of viability (Figure 1b).  Figure 1. (a) Bull’s eye plot
               showing patient-specific coronary supply territories. The
               dotted lines represent the 17-segment model. (b)
               Patient-specific coronary supply territories as an overlay
               on a bull’s eye plot of a late enhancement scan.  Results:
               We evaluated our method on image data from five patients.
               For each patient we produced both a standard 17-segment
               diagram and a diagram with the projection of the
               patient-specific coronary supply territories resulting from
               our approach. In both diagrams a projection of the segmented
               coronary arteries was shown. We then asked an experienced
               clinician to judge the correspondence between the coronary
               arteries and the suggested coronary supply territories for
               both diagrams. It was judged that our patient-specific
               coronary supply territories provide a better correlation
               with the position of the coronary arteries. The clinician
               expressed a preference to our method as compared to the
               standard 17-segment model.  The continuous relation between
               the distance to the center of the bull’s eye plot and the
               distance to the apex caused some confusion with our
               clinician. Especially in combination with CMR data
               consisting of relatively few slices this relation should be
               clarified.  Conclusion: With our method the relation between
               coronary arteries and areas supplied by these arteries is
               better visualized. This will help to better correlate the
               location of infarcted or ischemic areas to the coronaries
               that have caused the respective infarction or ischemia.",
  month =      jan,
  booktitle =  "Abstracts of the 12th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessions - 2009",
  event =      "SCMR 2009",
  issn =       "1532-429X ",
  journal =    "Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance",
  location =   "Orlando, Florida",
  series =     "1",
  volume =     "11",
  note =       "Poster presented at SCMR 2009 (2009-01-29--2009-02-01)",
  pages =      "164--165",
  keywords =   "coronary supply territories, patient-specific bulls eye plot",
  URL =        "https://www.cg.tuwien.ac.at/research/publications/2009/termeer-2009-scmr/",
}