Textured Depth Meshes for Real-Time Rendering of Arbitrary Scenes

Stefan Jeschke, Michael Wimmer, Eurographics Workshop on Rendering 2002, Pisa, June 2002 [Paper]

Abstract

This paper presents a new approach to generate textured depth meshes (TDMs), an impostor-based scene representation that can be used to accelerate the rendering of static polygonal models. The TDMs are precalculated for a fixed viewing region (view cell). The approach relies on a layered rendering of the scene to produce a voxel-based representation. Secondary, a highly complex polygon mesh is constructed that covers all the voxels. Afterwards, this mesh is simplified using a special error metric to ensure that all voxels stay covered. Finally, the remaining polygons are resampled using the voxel representation to obtain their textures. The contribution of our approach is manifold: first, it can handle polygonal models without any knowledge about their structure. Second, only scene parts that may become visible from within the view cell are represented, thereby cutting down on impostor complexity and storage costs. Third, an error metric guarantees that the impostors are practically indistinguishable compared to the original model (i.e. no rubber-sheet effects or holes appear as in most previous approaches). Furthermore, current graphics hardware is exploited for the construction and use of the impostors.

More Info

Funding: Austrian Science Fund; under contract no. P-13867-INF

Contact: Stefan Jeschke, Michael Wimmer
Keywords: virtual environments, walkthroughs, image-based rendering, , impostors, textured depth meshes

Images

Images

An overview of the method. Top left: original model, top right: the fine mesh generated from a slicing of the model, bottom left: simplified mesh (using our appearance-based error metric), bottom right: textured depth mesh with textures applied.
These images show a view of an Aztech city (left) and its corresponding textured depth mesh.
The textured depth mesh as seen from above (outside of the view cell).
Another example, now for a completely different scene. The original model (top left), its TDM (top right), and the wireframe of the TDM (bottom left) is shown. The relative sizes of the model and the view cell can be seen in the bottom right (seen from the side).