Integrated Structural-Architectural Design for Interactive Planning

Bernhard Steiner, Elham Mousavian, Fatemeh Mehdizadeh Saradj, Michael Wimmer, Przemyslaw Musialski
Integrated Structural-Architectural Design for Interactive Planning
Computer Graphics Forum, (early view), October 2016. [preprint]

Information

Abstract

Traditionally, building floorplans are designed by architects with their usability, functionality, and architectural aesthetics in mind, however, the structural properties of the distribution of load-bearing walls and columns are usually not taken into account at this stage. In this paper we propose a novel approach for the design of architectural floorplans by integrating structural layout analysis directly into the planning process. In order to achieve this, we introduce a planning tool which interactively enforces checks for structural stability of the current design, and which on demand proposes how to stabilize it if necessary. Technically, our solution contains an interactive architectural modeling framework as well as a constrained optimization module where both are based on respective architectural rules. Using our tool, an architect can predict already in a very early planning stage which designs are structurally sound such that later changes due to stability reasons can be prevented. We compare manually computed solutions with optimal results of our proposed automated design process in order to show how much our proposed system can help architects to improve the process of laying out structural models optimally.

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BibTeX

@article{steiner_2016_isad,
  title =      "Integrated Structural-Architectural Design for Interactive
               Planning",
  author =     "Bernhard Steiner and Elham Mousavian and Fatemeh Mehdizadeh
               Saradj and Michael Wimmer and Przemyslaw Musialski",
  year =       "2016",
  abstract =   "Traditionally, building floorplans are designed by
               architects with their usability, functionality, and
               architectural aesthetics in mind, however, the structural
               properties of the distribution of load-bearing walls and
               columns are usually not taken into account at this stage. In
               this paper we propose a novel approach for the design of
               architectural floorplans by integrating structural layout
               analysis directly into the planning process. In order to
               achieve this, we introduce a planning tool which
               interactively enforces checks for structural stability of
               the current design, and which on demand proposes how to
               stabilize it if necessary. Technically, our solution
               contains an interactive architectural modeling framework as
               well as a constrained optimization module where both are
               based on respective architectural rules. Using our tool, an
               architect can predict already in a very early planning stage
               which designs are structurally sound such that later changes
               due to stability reasons can be prevented. We compare
               manually computed solutions with optimal results of our
               proposed automated design process in order to show how much
               our proposed system can help architects to improve the
               process of laying out structural models optimally.",
  month =      oct,
  issn =       "1467-8659",
  journal =    "Computer Graphics Forum",
  number =     "early view",
  URL =        "https://www.cg.tuwien.ac.at/research/publications/2016/steiner_2016_isad/",
}